The term Standard American English customarily refers to a variety of the English language that's generally used in professional communication in the United States and taught in American schools. Also known as Edited American English , American Standard English , and General American .
Standard American English (SAE or StAmE) may refer to either written English or spoken English (or both).
"Standard American English is not a myth," say linguists William Kretzschmar and Charles Meyer, "but it is not identical with the language of any natural population of speakers; it is a very real institutional construct that has attracted the loyalty of a committed group of speakers who claim that they speak it" ("The Idea of Standard American English" in Standards of English , 2012).
Standards in this strand: - - - - - -
Conventions of Standard English: -
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. -
Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences. -
Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice. -
Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood. -
Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.* -
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. -
Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break. -
Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission. -
Spell correctly. Knowledge of Language: -
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. -
Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact). Vocabulary Acquisition and Use: -
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content , choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. -
Use context (., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. -
Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (., precede, recede, secede ). -
Consult general and specialized reference materials (., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. -
Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). -
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. -
Interpret figures of speech (. verbal irony, puns) in context. -
Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words. -
Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute ). -
Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.