Timo Laato, Paulus und das Judentem (Ǻbo: Ǻbo Akademi, 1991). Laato recognizes Sanders’ contribution of undoing the caricature of Judaism as “legalism” but criticizes Sanders on various points: (1) Sanders fails to adequately appropriate the late nature of rabbinic materials; (2) Sanders does not recognize the difference between Paul and Judaism as being Paul’s pessimistic outlook on the human condition; and (3) Sanders is effectively arguing for a concept of “normative Judaism” which did not exist in the first-century (see esp. 65-82).
2. Every minister of the Word, or teaching elder, must manifest his gifts and calling in these various aspects of the ministry of the gospel and seek by full exercise of his ministry the spiritual profit of those with whom he labors. As a minister or servant of Christ it is his duty to feed the flock of God, to be an example to them, to have oversight of them, to bear the glad tidings of salvation to the ignorant and perishing and beseech them to be reconciled to God through Christ, to exhort and convince the gainsayer by sound doctrine, and to dispense the sacraments instituted by Christ. Among those who minister the Word the Scripture distinguishes the evangelist, the pastor, and the teacher.
Luke emphasizes Jesus’ importance for Gentiles. Although this is the primary theme of Luke’s second volume, Acts of the Apostles, Jesus’ importance for Gentiles is apparent already in the Gospel. The mission to the Gentiles, moreover, is understood as a part of the divine plan. Indeed, God is a significant actor in Luke’s stories of Jesus and the spread of Christianity through the Empire. In Luke, Jesus does not preach the imminent end. Rather, the end will occur after the mission to the Gentiles is completed. It is perhaps because of this delay of the end that Luke emphasizes Jesus’ concern for social injustices.